Birthstones symbolize the month of birth according to the Gregorian calendar and every month of the year has at least one different gemstone associated with it and includes both precious and semi-precious stones.

The history of birthstones

Gemstones have been worn for thousands of years as items of jewellery and beauty. Carried as wealth, as they are normally small, and easily transported or concealed. They have always been highly valued by nobility as a display of power and wealth and were given as high ranking gifts to seek favour or safety. In respect to birthstones the history is much more recent with Scholars tracing the origins of wearing a stone related to the month of birth back to the Polish in the18th century. But it was not until 1912 that the modern list of birthstones was published by the National Association of Jewellers in the USA.

This was updated in October of 2002, with the addition of tanzanite as a birthstone for December and shown below.

January- Garnet
February- Amethyst
March- Aquamarine
April- Diamond
May- Emerald
June- Moonstone
July- Ruby
August- Peridot
September- Sapphire
October- Opal
November- Topaz or Citrine
December- Turquoise or Tanzanite

The Folklore of birthstones

For over 3000 years gemstones have had their place in folklore. They were associated with many different effects on and protections for the wearer, promoting virtues and helping to avert misfortune.
For many centuries people held strong beliefs in the powers of gemstones to heal, protect and ward of evil.

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