Storing your jewellery properly and taking regular care should keep it beautiful for years.
The 3 precious metals Silver, gold and platinum are relatively soft and malleable hence their extensive use in jewellery. This should be born in mind when wearing and caring for you precious jewellery.
As example, there is a scale of hardness for gemstones [created by Friedrich Moh in 1822] that scales from 1[soft] to 10[hard] and demonstrates that any mineral will scratch any other mineral with a lower number. Silver is 3, gold is 2.5-3 and platinum is 4. Sand is 7 so you can see that sand will easily scratch them all.
To this end you should avoid wearing your jewellery when it could be easily damaged, such as when you are gardening, doing sporting activities, washing, working on machinery or cleaning.
As a general rule of thumb- if in doubt of giving, your jewellery a scratch or a clout, then don’t bring your jewellery out.
You should always avoid letting your jewellery come into contact with, household chemicals, bleach, hairspray, nail polish, nail polish remover, perfumes, moisturisers, etc, as these will cause damage.
It is worth investing in a sturdy jewellery box that has individual compartments for each piece of jewellery as this will protect from other pieces of jewellery coming into contact with each other, and store it away from extreme hot or cold temperatures.
If you get your jewellery wet, dry it thoroughly as soon as possible with a soft cloth and never store it if it is wet.
That all said, your jewellery was crafted to be worn and with a little common sense it will stay as beautiful you.
Before you begin cleaning inspect your jewellery for damage or loose stones and if you discover anything then talk to your trusted local jeweller, so they can repair or re-set the gemstones.
As a general guide the National Association of Goldsmiths advises:-
Gently rub gold and silver jewellery with a soft, clean cloth to maximise the shine.
Jewellery set with gems can be brought to life by careful cleaning with a soft brush and soapy water, or with a proprietary jewellery cleaning solution.
Try not to get threaded pearl or bead jewellery wet and only wet antique jewellery after specialist advice – you could ruin it.
Wipe pearls with a soft damp cloth after wearing to remove perfume, hairspray and anything else likely to damage them.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on jewellery.
You can use silver ‘dip’ type cleaners on most silver jewellery – but rinse and dry them thoroughly.
Don’t use silver ‘dip’ type cleaning solutions on gold jewellery, only special jewellery cleaners.
Keep jewellery carefully stored and separated – not jumbled together in a draw.
Keep chains fastened so that they don’t get tangled up.
There is available, a modern polishing foam that cleans silver without polishing, it even contains a tarnish resistant formula.